Comparison of fasting and non-fasting lipid profiles in a large cohort of patients presenting at a community hospital

Authors: Cartier, Louis-Jacques; Collins, Charlene; Lagace, Mathieu; Douville, Pierre
Abstract: Objective: To compare the fasting and non-fasting lipid profile including ApoB in a cohort of patients from a community setting. Our purpose was to determine the proportion of results that could be explained by the known biological variation in the fasting state and to examine the additional impact of non-fasting on these same lipid parameters. Methods: 1093 adult outpatients with fasting lipid requests were recruited from February to September 2016 at the blood collection sites of the Moncton Hospital. Participants were asked to come back in the next 3–4 days after having eaten a regular breakfast to have their blood drawn for a non-fasting lipid profile. Results: 91.6% of patients in this study had a change in total cholesterol that fell within the biological variation expected for this parameter. Similar results were seen for HDL-C (94.3%) non-HDL-C (88.8%) and ApoB (93.0%). A smaller number of patients fell within the biological variation expected for TG (78.8%) and LDL-C (74.6%). An average TG increase of 0.3 mmol/L was observed in fed patients no matter the level of fasting TG. A gradual widening in the range of change in TG concentration was observed as fasting TG increased. Similar results were seen in diabetic patients. Conclusion: Outside of LDL-C and TG, little changes were seen in lipid parameters in the postprandial state. A large part of these changes could be explained by the biological variation. We observed a gradual widening in the range of increase in TG for patients with higher fasting TG. Non-HDL-C and ApoB should be the treatment target of choice for patients in the non-fasting state.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 9 November 2017
Open Access Date: 16 July 2019
Document version: AM
This document was published in: Clinical biochemistry, Vol. 52, 61–66 (2018)
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2017.11.007
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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