L'écoute de la musique classique comme moyen de favoriser l'expression orale chez l'enfant d'âge préscolaire (4-5 ans)

Authors: Thibault, Magalie
Advisor: Buysse, Alexandre
Abstract: In recent years, many studies have focused on music, especially the influence that it can bring in some areas. Thus, recent scientific work in education and psychology show the importance of learning music in the development of young children (McPherson, 2005; Hallam, Cross and Thaut, 2008). Music engages the whole brain across a variety of perceptual and cognitive operations. (Altenmuller, 2003). Moreover, according to the latest research, studies indicate that many musical skills emerge and consolidate during the first years of life, particularly between the ages of four to six (Gordon, 2003; Ilari, 2002; Radocy et Boyle, 2003). Musical listening seems to favor cognitive and more specifically language development (Kraus et al., 2014). This qualitative study forges the links between music and language. It aims to explore the extent to which listening to music in preschool children can promote their oral expression. It focuses on the analysis of listening to classical music during playful moments of ten children aged four and five, and more particularly on talks, to examine whether music influences oral expression in these children. The analysis of the results highlights that most participants became more sensitive to listening to music and that some of their behaviors and gestures followed the rhythm of the songs. In addition, the results also indicate that several of the group's participants improved their speaking skills and that this seemed to be influenced by musical listening.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 12 July 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/35466
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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