La réponse au feu des communautés végétales d'une tourbière ombrotrophe restaurée

Authors: Blier-Langdeau, Ariane
Advisor: Rochefort, Line
Abstract: Ombrotrophic peatlands (bogs) are known to be Carbone sink partially because of their resistance and resilience to fire. In a global climatic change context with politics aiming toward a reduction of atmospheric Carbone emission, a quick restoration of every degrade peatlands is desirable. The Canadian horticultural industry developed a promising peatland restoration technique. More than 100 sites were restored in Canada and despite many success indicators, we still hope that restored peatlands are resistantandresilient to fire. Indeed, few studies assess an ecosystem response to a disturbance happening after restorationandnone evaluates the response to fire of restored peatlands. At the end of summer 2014, a fire occurred in a Southern Quebec bog, partially burning a ten years old restored sectoranda natural one nearby providing the first opportunity to study the response to fire of a restored peatland. This research is divided in two objectives: 1) determine if the peat accumulation potentialandplant cover are the same between the burnedandunburned parts of the restored sector one growing season after fireand2) compare the mosses strata recovery between the naturalandthe restored sectors. The phytobiomass production rate was similar between the burnedandunburned parts of the restored sectorandthe burned parts plant cover growths significantly during the first growing season after fire, even reaching a similar level as the unburned parts for some areas. Sphagnumhummocks of the restored sectors showed a better resistanceandrecovery than the one in the natural sector. Thus, this study shows a tendency to resilience to fire of restored ombrotrophic peatlands.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 12 July 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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