Étude des caractéristiques physiques de nuages moléculaires jeunes

Authors: Blais, Félix
Advisor: Joncas, Gilles
Abstract: The LOOP4 region, in which we found our four molecular clouds of interest, is part of the northern celestial loop. millimetric observations from the DRAO and GBT radiotelescope have been made in this region, looking for IR excess over that expected from an atomic medium resulting in the presence of molecular hydrogen. Additional milimeter observations were made afterward from the Onsala Space Observatory radio telescope to examine the ¹²CO(J = 1 -0) transitions. This molecule is considered a tracer of molecular hydrogen and has observable emission lines under the conditions of our four clouds. We considere that our four regions (LOOP4P, LOOP4N1, LOOP4N2 and LOOP4N4) are in local thermodynamic equilibrium, which means that only one excitation temperature is needed to describe the distributon of energy levels. We only observe ¹³CO lines where ¹²CO lines are strong, with a signal over noise ratio of 6 -7. Two to three emission lines were observed, sometimes on the same line of sight, in our four regions in both ¹²CO and ¹³CO, giving us a glimpse of their early stage of evolution. Multiple ¹²CO components in one line of sight would indicate that it is partially optically thick. ¹³CO linewidths are sistematically narrower than that of ¹²CO, which is in agreement with the lower ¹³CO abundance, hence opacity. ¹²CO linewidths range between 0:5kms⁻¹ and 1 kms⁻¹ for all clouds, values that resemble diffuse molecular clouds. On the other hand, the ¹²CO and ¹³CO integrated intensity ratio, W(¹²CO)=W(¹³CO) ranges between 3 and 13 and they are more associated with translucent clouds, with LOOP4N2 who seems to be the denser and more mature cloud. Cloud masses were computed with the factor XCO = 0:5 x 10²⁰cm⁻²(Kkms⁻¹)⁻¹ and the excitation temperatures were obtained from the ¹²CO lines. The molecular clouds observed appear to be in a transition stage between diffuse molecular clouds and translucent clouds, of which LOOP4P and LOOP4N4 seems to be the most diffuse ones while LOOP4N1 and LOOP4N2 look to be the denser ones.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 11 July 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/35441
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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