Développement de poudres d'aluminure de fer renforcées avec des particules de TiC pour des applications résistantes à l'usure

Authors: Ghazanfari, Hadi
Advisor: Blais, CarlDarvishi Alamdari, Houshang
Abstract: Alloys used to manufacture hydroelectric turbines are subjected to corrosive and erosive media and require recurrent maintenance. Repair and restoration of damaged parts by welding are highly time-consuming and cost-ineffective since it needs further heat treatment and machining to restore the properties and achieve the original dimensions. However, applying a protective and wear resistant coating could be a suitable approach to improve the durability and performance of turbine components. Moreover, coatings could be used to repair and restore worn components. This study focuses on the use of TiC-reinforced iron aluminide coatings and the characterization of its wear resistance. The first part of this research was undertaken to develop a process to synthesize Fe₃Al matrix composite powder reinforced with TiC particles employing combustion synthesis. Combustion synthesis has emerged as energy and cost-effective method for synthesis of metal-based composite materials. The effects of particle size on starting powders and premilling time of precursors on the final powder microstructure were studied. The synthesized composite powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS). The targeted powder chemistry, microstructure and optimum spatial distribution of TiC particles were obtained using a pre-milling time of 30 min and a furnace temperature of 1100 °C. Powders synthesized in this condition contained only Fe3Al and TiC phases. At the next step, the Fe₃Al powders containing various volume fractions of reinforcing TiC particles were deposited on a mild steel substrate using the high-velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) technique. Dry-sliding wear resistance (pin-on-disk) of the coatings was characterized using an Al₂O₃ counterface having a diameter of 6.33 mm. All the sliding wear tests were conducted at room temperature with sliding speeds ranging from 0.04 m/s to 0.8 m/s. It was found that an increase in the TiC content from 30 mol % to 50 mol % increases wear resistance by 11% and 75% for sliding speeds of 0.1 m/s and 0.8 m/s, respectively. Moreover, further increase in TiC content to 70 mol % provided coatings with wear rates one order of magnitude lower than those measured for Fe₃Al-50 mol % TiC coatings.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 10 July 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/35423
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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