Modeling, design and optimization of computer-generated holograms with binary phases
|Abstract:||The computer-generated hologram (CGH) has been demonstrated to play an important role, since its invention by Lohmann in 1960s, in many applications such as wavefront engineering, structured illumination and optical display, etc. In this thesis, the modeling, design and optimization of CGH with binary phases are studied. We considered a practical projection image system with certain working specification, e.g. working distance of 40 cm, depth of field of 10 cm and a diffraction angle of 53 degree for 632 nm working wavelength, and then designed and optimized a binary-phase hologram by direct binary search for this image system. The hologram was fabricated by E-beam lithography. To achieve the required diffraction angle, we discussed the optical architecture in holographic projection image system. The designed CGH and holographic projection image system were validated experimentally by optical reconstruction. Since the pixels will eventually cluster to form polygonal apertures in hologram, which can be seen clearly during the process of direct binary search, we proposed a new approach to directly design polygonal apertures based on triangular layout in CGH of a large number of pixels. The diffraction of aperture was calculated by analytical Abbe transform. The reconstructed image can be expressed as a coherent addition of diffraction patterns from all the straight edges of different orientations and lengths. A two-step optimization including genetic algorithm with local search for encoding binary phases of apertures, followed by direct search for floating covertices of the elementary triangular apertures was developed. We further proposed a quadrilateral aperture layout, which provides more degrees of freedom and can form more diverse polygonal apertures in holograms. The parallel genetic algorithm with local search was adopted to assign binary phases in the first step, and direct search was then used to optimize of locations of covertices of quadrilateral apertures in the second step. Three different schemes for the two-step algorithm were discussed to provide flexible ways to balance the optimization performance and time cost.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||25 June 2019|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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