Étude du comportement statique et dynamique d'un matériau composite textile interlock 3D - caractérisation expérimentale et modélisation numérique

Authors: Verone, Benjamin
Advisor: Dano, Marie-Laure
Abstract: This study presents the development of a tool for numerical simulation of the behavior of a special textile composite material called interlock 3D. This composite woven fabric exhibits interesting performance in terms of impact resistance and damage tolerance. These properties come from the presence of strands woven through the thickness. As a result, this material can be a very interesting alternative to conventional laminated composite, which have only planar oriented fibers, for aeronautical applications where elements are subjected to impacts and subjected to delamination. This work presents an experimental campaign aimed at characterizing the behavior of the material in the in-plane directions and through the thickness. Subsequently behavior laws are developed to reproduce the mechanical behavior in each direction. Seting up the mechanics of damage, as well as the inelastic behavior were the most complex parts. This model is subsequently implemented in the ABAQUS / Explicit finite element software using a VUMAT subroutine. Simulations of the material mechanical behavior are first performed to validate the predictions of the model in all the directions. Then, quasi-static indentation tests are performed and the results compared to the model predictions. Finally, dynamic impact simulations are carried out on the woven composite using rigid and soft projectiles as well as different configurations. Comparisons with experimental results show the model's good ability to reproduce the behavior of the material during impact with a rigid low-velocity projectile. High impact energies reflect shortcomings in the mechanics of damage close to rupture. Impact results with a soft low-velocity projectile are encouraging and show the ability of the model to provide a correct estimate of the impact force, although overestimated in some configurations
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 25 June 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/35273
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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