Détermination des phénomènes de transfert dans les ébauches de fibres de bois
|Advisor:||Cloutier, Alain; Ngueho Yemele, Martin Claude|
|Abstract:||In panel manufacturing, the hot-pressing process is a fundamental step because it has a great influence on final product quality. Hot-pressing modeling allows predicting the main variables that it has a direct effect on the development of density profile through the thickness during hot pressing, namely temperature, moisture content and vapour pressure. The study of the heat and mass transfer and mat internal conditions is complex owing to their interaction and changing conditions. Establish and characterize properly the relations between fiber mat physics properties during hot-pressing process it allows to increase the accuracy of predictions made by mathematic model. This research project was conducted in order to study the mass and heat transfer phenomena in fiber mat. Thereby the gas permeability, thermal conductivity and porosity were determined to five density levels and three different fiber sizes in order to evaluate the relationship of these properties and densification level representing the local density though the fiber mat thickness during the hot-pressing process. Furthermore, fiber size effect on these properties already mentioned has been evaluated. Gas permeability was determined to four-inlet pressure: 50 kPa, 100 kPa, 150 kPa et 200 kPa on specimens conditioned to 65% of relative humidity and 21C of temperature. During gas permeability measurements, the air flux though the disk thickness showed slip flow. Thermal conductivity was measured using a gradient of 1,6°C mm-1 on specimens with a moisture content of 7.6% (s=0,3). Mat porosity measurements were performed using the white-black color contrast method. This procedure use images taken from layers impregnated with acrylic resin, which were extracted previously from panels with homogeneous density, profile through the thickness. Gas permeability, thermal conductivity and porosity obtained in this research work were between 5.96 x10-12 and 2.16 x10-13 m2; 0.05 - 0.15 W m-1 K-1 and 0.44 - 0.93 respectively in a range of 198 kg m-3 and 987 kg m-3 of density. The results indicated that the mat density was, in fact, a significate variable in relation to the physical properties of fiber mat considered in this study. Additionally, the fiber size was a dominant factor on heat conduction and porous structure of the fiber mat. Given these results, the fiber size had anoticeable effect on both mat properties thermal conductivity and porosity. Conversely, the fiber sizes studied had no significant effect on gas permeability. Hence, there was not enough evidence to affirm that the fiber size has a significant impact on vapour pressure produced during the hot-pressing process.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||21 June 2019|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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