Résilience des agriculteurs face aux changements climatiques : un exemple d'application au Burkina Faso

Authors: Yaro, Raoul
Advisor: Tamini, Lota Dabio
Abstract: The myriad of approaches to measure resilience of agricultural households to climate hazards shows the lack of consensus among researchers in terms of both; the definition of the concept and the methods of measurement. Nevertheless, two trends emerge in the empirical studies namely i) reducing the number of dimensions of resilience to three or four at most, ii) using two empirical approaches that are objective and subjective measures of resilience. Our study aims to measure farmers' resilience (using objective approach) to drought and floods in two regions of Burkina Faso, as well as its impact on two indicators of well-being. Resilience is measured through adaptive anticipation and absorption capabilities. As a first step, the structural equation method allowed us to estimate the scores for the three dimensions / capacities of resilience. These scores were used to construct a resilience index by the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method. Finally, a logistic regression was used to estimate the impact of resilience on food security and household poverty profile. The results of the study show that there are positive correlations between anticipatory, adaptive and absorptive capacities and resilience (anticipation capacity having the smallest contribution to building resilience). Logistic regressions indicate that improved resilience leads to a significant improvement in food security and a relatively small increase in household socio-economic status.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 21 June 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/35234
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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