Full-time employment, diet quality and food skills of Canadian parents

Authors: Fernandez, Melissa Anne; Marquis, Marie; Desroches, SophieTurcotte, MylèneProvencher, Véronique
Abstract: Purpose : To explore the associations between full-time employment status, food skills, and diet quality of Canadian parents. Methods : A sample of Canadian parents (n = 767) were invited to complete a web-based survey that included sociodemographic variables, questions about food skills, and a validated food frequency questionnaire. Results were analyzed with linear and logistic regression models, controlling for sociodemographic variables and multiple testing. Results : After controlling for covariates and multiple testing, there were no statistically significant differences in foods skills between parents’ employment status. Time was the most reported barrier for meal preparation, regardless of work status, but was significantly greater for full-time compared with other employment status (P < 0.0001). Additionally, parents who worked full-time had lower odds of reporting food preferences or dietary restrictions (P = 0.0001) and health issues or allergies (P = 0.0003) as barriers to food preparation, compared with parents with other employment status. These results remained statistically significant even after controlling for covariates and multiple testing. Conclusions : Overall, food skills did not differ significantly between parents’ employment status. Time, however, was an important barrier for most parents, especially those working full time. To promote home-based food preparation among parents, strategies to manage time scarcity are needed.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 7 February 2019
Open Access Date: 11 June 2019
Document version: AM
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/35173
This document was published in: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research, Vol. 80 (2) 63-71 (2019)
Dietitians of Canada
Alternative version: 10.3148/cjdpr-2018-041
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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