Development of ceramic reinforced iron aluminide based composite coatings for wear resistant applications

Authors: Amiriyan, Mahdi
Advisor: Blais, Carl
Abstract: Fe₃Al intermetallic compounds and their composite coatings are potential structural materials for tribological applications. High-energy ball milled powders possess several advantages, especially cost-effective fabrication and lower cost of reinforcement. High-energy ball mill also allows for a wide range of reinforcement volume fraction. In this research, Iron Aluminide matrix composite coatings based on Fe₃Al chemical composition with TiC and TiB₂ particles were prepared using a high-energy ball mill and deposited via the High Velocity Oxy Fuel (HVOF) technique. The effect of processing parameters such as ball milling duration and subsequent heat treatment soaking time and temperature on the phases of products as a feed stock for the HVOF gun was studied. The processing parameters played important roles on the microstructure, mechanical and tribological properties of the coatings. The aim of the first experimental stage of this work was to study the effect of in-situ TiC particles on microstructure, mechanical and tribological behavior of HVOF deposited Fe₃Al coatings. In this stage Fe₃Al/TiC composite powders with different carbide quantities were produced via high-energy ball milling of Fe₃Al-Ti-C system for 6 h followed by heat treatment at 1000 °C for 2 h under high vacuum. In-situ TiC-reinforced iron aluminide composite coatings were prepared to improve the Vickers hardness and wear resistance of Fe₃Al intermetallics. The composite coatings mainly consist of a TiC phase uniformly dispersed within lamellae of the Fe₃Al matrix. The composite coatings showed increasing Vickers hardness with increasing TiC content up to 70 mol% TiC. The dry sliding wear resistance of coatings was increased with the addition of in-situ formed TiC particles. HVOF deposited Fe₃Al composite coatings with 50 and 70 mol% TiC reinforcements exhibited excellent sliding wear resistance. The dominant wear mechanism in those coatings was abrasion and oxidation. In another stage of this work Fe₃Al-TiB2 composite powders with two different boride quantities were produced by the high Velocity Oxy Fuel (HVOF) spray deposition on a steel substrate. The composite coatings mainly consisted of a TiB₂ phase uniformly dispersed within lamellae of the Fe₃Al matrix. It was shown that by increasing the volume fraction of TiB₂ both the Vickers hardness and sliding wear resistance of the coatings against alumina counterbody (6.33 mm in diameter) were increased. The increase of wear resistance was believed to be related to the hardness enhancement, which, in turn, is due to the presence of TiB₂ particles within the Fe3Al matrix. The sliding wear rate of the coatings increased to reach a maximum as the sliding speed increases, and then it decreased with further increase of the sliding speed. The chemical analyses of the worn surfaces showed that higher sliding speeds result in higher oxidation of the surface, most likely due to the higher local temperature. Such an oxide layer seems to act as a barrier between two sliding bodies, thus decreasing the wear rate.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 28 May 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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