Influence d'une crue sur l'écoulement transitoire à travers un barrage en remblai

Authors: Tétreault, Pierre-Étienne
Advisor: Konrad, Jean-Marie
Abstract: The issue of core overtopping in embankment dams during floods caused by failures of water-level control systems is a concern to dam managers. Core overtopping can generate flow velocities far greater than those considered during design and can result in intense flow in zones where no flow was intended. A 2D finite-element numeric model running on the COMSOL Multiphysics 5.3 software platform was generated to evaluate the impact of soil permeability, dam geometry and flood shape on seepage and internal flow systems. This numerical model was used to conduct a series of sensitivity analyses on a conceptual standard dam. These analyses have shown the importance of crest and core permeability and maximum height reached by the flood on the rate at wich core overtopping occurs and on erosion velocities generated. Contact erosion based on the Brauns (1985) criteria did not seem to be a concern for these sensitivity analyses as opposed to internal erosion based on the Konrad & Côté (2013) criteria which seemed highly probable. Subsequently, a case-study on an existing Hydro- Québec earthfill dam was also carried out. Because of the high permeability of the crest components of this structure, significant velocities and turbulent flow could be obtained in the crest material in cases of high floods, without however being problematic in terms of contact erosion. Furthermore, numerical convergence of the model has been greatly improved by using the van Genuchten-based (1980) water retention curves instead of the Brooks & Corey-based (1964) curves.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 27 May 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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