Supervision pédagogique en contexte de gestion axée sur les résultats : pratiques de membres de la direction d'établissement d'enseignement accompagnés en communauté d'apprentissage

Authors: April, Daniel
Advisor: Bouchamma, Yamina
Abstract: Educational achievement requires a clear delineation of the responsibilities of the stakeholders, monitoring of students’ learning and, if necessary, readjustments to pedagogical practices. The lack of accountability could jeopardize progress and entrench harmful practices in education systems (UNESCO, 2017). In this regard, in the province of Québec, Canada, the Public Education Act law (PEA) advocates using the results-based management approach (RBM). RBM requires the Ministry of Education, school boards and the schools themselves to set performance targets for graduation and perseverance of students. At the local level, pedagogical supervision is an essential process for the school principal in achieving these targets identified in the RBM tools (Brassard, Lusignan and Pelletier, 2013; Maroy et collab., 2016). Although a consensus has been reached regarding the purpose of the RBM policies – here being the improvement of educational effectiveness – the philosophy behind this method of regulation creates a considerable number of challenges for education stakeholders (Maroy, 2013). For example, because of the administrative burden of these policies, many school principals must devote more time to the execution of administrative tasks, to the detriment of educational tasks, including pedagogical supervision (Champoux-Lesage et al., 2014). In addition, traditional training methods only partially prepare school principals to meet their pedagogical supervision responsibilities (Bickmore, 2010). In this regard, the collaborative work between the worlds of research and practice is a promising avenue to be explored for training in the field of educational administration (Bernatchez, 2017; Bouchamma, April and Basque, 2018; CTREQ, 2018; MELS, 2008). This collaboration allows for both the development of practices and knowledge for the professional community as well as the advancement of knowledge for the scientific community (Bourassa et al., 2013). In this spirit of collaboration, this doctoral research project aspires to better understand and to improve the professional practices of school principals (n = 37) in pedagogical supervision in a context of RBM. This research project is based on three concepts: individual and collective pedagogical supervision, professional learning community (PLC) and professional development. In addition, we retain the theory of goal setting (Locke and Latham, 1990; 2002; 2013). This research is part of a Chantier 7 project In-service training program for school staff entitled “Améliorer les compétences des gestionnaires d’établissement scolaire en supervision pédagogique par la communauté d’apprentissage et de pratique professionnelle en présentiel et en ligne” (Bouchamma and Giguère, 2014-2017). School principals from the Découvreurs School Board (n = 21) and the Navigateurs School Board (n= 16) were recruited on a voluntary basis. The chosen design is mixed methods (Tashakkori and Teddlie, 2009). The corpus of qualitative data, produced from 21 focus group interviews in learning community was analysed thematically (Paillé and Mucchielli, 2012). Quantitative data collected from a questionnaire was analysed through Ttests, regression, and descriptive statistics. The results of the study indicate that individual supervision practices tend to be more numerous than the collective ones. Individual practices are mainly focused on the in-class observation and less on pre-observation or post-observation meetings. The least-used collective supervision practice is that of creating collaborative structures centered on teaching and learning. Moreover
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 27 May 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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