Lutte biologique contre deux pucerons ravageurs en serre (Aphis gossypii et Aulacorthum solani) par l'utilisation des microorganismes du sol

Authors: Kahia, Mouna
Advisor: Antoun, HaniFournier, Valérie
Abstract: The foxglove aphid Aulacorthum solani (Kaltenbach) and the melon aphid Aphis gossypii (Glover) are among the most harmful aphids for greenhouse crops. Microbial biological control may be an effective method against these insects. The combination of different microbial agents can increase their efficiency. This work evaluates the efficacy of Beauveria bassiana ANT-03, Bacillus pumilus PTB180 and B. subtilis PTB185, used individually or in combination, to control A. gossypii and A. solani on cucumber and tomato, respectively. In the laboratory, ten L2 larvae of each aphid were placed in Petri dishes containing a tomato leaf or a cucumber leaf disc fixed in the agar plate. These larvae were sprayed with 1 mL of suspensions prepared according to the treatment (Control, B. pumilus, B. subtilis, B. bassiana, B. pumilus+ B. subtilis, B. bassiana+ B. pumilus, B bassiana+B. subtilis, B. bassiana+ B. pumilus+ B. subtilis). The same treatments used in the laboratory were applied in the greenhouse, but adult aphids were used. Laboratory and greenhouse test results revealed that by causing A. solani mortality and by affecting A. gossypii reproduction, both bacteria (B. pumilus PTB180 and B. subtilis PTB185) were able to demonstrate aphicide effect equivalent to that of the commercial product (Bioceres) containing the fungus. When used as a mixture, no additive effect between the three microorganisms studied was observed. Spore survival tests of the two bacteria and the fungus conducted in a greenhouse have shown that they retain a high level of population 106CF U/g fresh leaves up to nine days after the application when used alone or as a mixture. Thus, on plants, the two bacilli do not exhibit antifungal effect against B. bassiana ANT-03.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 27 May 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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