Le développement du soutien social par les groupes de cuisine collective comme stratégie de promotion de la santé mentale

Authors: Jones, Cindy
Advisor: St-Onge, Myreille
Abstract: Since the last decades, collective kitchens are a phenomenon that has developed rapidly in the province of Quebec. They are a response to the limitations of traditional food aid services, more « assistance-based approaches », by working on developing the potential of individuals and communities in food security. Collective kitchen have become a way of intervention that goes well beyond food support. We hypothesized that collective kitchens have the potential to promote positive mental health, the psychological well-being of individuals through improved social support and at the same time improved health protective factors. This qualitative research focuses on the perception of participants in collective kitchens groups on the psychosocial effects of kitchens. This research also studies the factors facilitating the emergence of support dynamics in the collective kitchen groups. Two methods of data collection were used: the semi-structured interview with members of collective kitchens and the observation of five cooking groups. The results show that for a large majority of members the motivation to engage is a desire to reduce the social isolation in which they live. Overall, the collective kitchens favor social interaction, experience sharing, mutual aid, autonomy and self-esteem. However, the emergence of support dynamics is influenced by several factors: the role of group facilitator, the group climate, the sense of belonging and the group structure. The results show that by developing participants' personal and social skills, kitchen groups are an effective measure in promoting mental health. We suggest a variety of practice interventions to promote positive outcomes for participants. One of the suggestions is that social interactions between members should be strongly encouraged and promoted through moments of sharing in kitchens.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 24 May 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34972
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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