Le recours à l'aide médicale à mourir au Québec : l'expérience occultée des proches

Authors: Arteau, Joanie
Advisor: Éthier, Sophie
Abstract: The aim of this exploratory qualitative research is to document the overall experience of relatives of the patient during the process of medical assistance in dying (MAID), focussing particularly on the social environment. It aims to 1) describe the accompaniment provided by medical team to relatives during MAID’s process; 2) explore the relatives’ relationships and interactions between them during MAID’s process; 3) describe the relatives’ perceptions about MAID’s process and 4) explore the relatives specific MAID’s mourning process. Data was collected from semi-structured and free style individual interviews with seven relatives who accompanied a person in a MAID demand process. Giorgi’s (1997) phenomenological data analysis method was used to codify and interpret qualitatively relatives’ sayings. The results were highlighted according to the chosen theoretical perspective, the Bronfenbrenner’s (2005) bioecological model. The results of this study suggest that relatives’ accompaniment is mainly supported by the medical team, such as doctors and nurses, and that the position of social workers and their potential psychosocial support or interventions is not clearly established in this process. Relatives were generally satisfied with their global experience during the MAID process, but they specify that this end-of-life care need to be improved, especially regarding the psychosocial support of families. Finally, relatives’ grief does not seem different from grief of a conventional death, except that their process seems for some of them to be accelerated or facilitated. Keywords: medical aid in dying, medical assistance in dying, euthanasia, relatives, caregivers, family, palliative care, end-of-life care, psychosocial support
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 24 May 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34970
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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