Iron(III) catalyzed asymmetric Diels-Alder reaction - Iron(II) catalyzed thia-Michael addition and aldehyde allylation reactions

Authors: Li, Mao
Advisor: Ollevier, Thierry
Abstract: Iron catalysts are employed in three different organic transformations owing to their advantages: environmental friendliness, being less expensive and abundant on the Earth. The first project deals with asymmetric Diels-Alder reactions of α, β-unsaturated oxazolidin-2-one derivatives catalyzed by Fe¹¹¹ and a chiral bipyridine ligand. In order to obtain the optimized reaction conditions, we screened different solvents, catalyst loading, various reaction times and a variety of iron salts such as Fe(ClO₄)₂·6H₂O, Fe(ClO₄)₂·6H₂O, Fe(OTf)₃, Fe(OTf)₂, FeCl₂, FeCl₃, FeBr₃ and FeI₃. As a result, the reaction between cyclopentadiene and 3-alkenoyl-1,3-oxazolidin-2-one was carried out at –30 °C in CH₃CN in 1.5 h, with Fe(ClO₄)₃·6H₂O (2 mol%) complexed with the chiral bipyridine ligand (2.4 mol%) as catalyst, providing an excellent yield (99%) and an excellent enantiomeric excess (98%). Decreased enantioselectivities were observed for less-reactive dienes. Overall, less than 10 mol% of catalyst loading was employed. The great advantages of this project are the mild reaction temperature, very low catalyst loading, excellent yields and enantioselectivities and the applicability to a wide scope of substrates. Meanwhile, iron catalysts were used in thia-Michael additions by two different approaches. The first one is about thia-Michael additions catalyzed by Fe(OTf)₂ in EtOH at room temperature. This green method allows the thia-Michael additions to be catalyzed by a green iron salt (5 mol% of Fe(OTf)₂), a green and commonly used solvent EtOH at room temperature under ambient atmosphere. The generality of this reaction was demonstrated by applying it to different Michael acceptors, and to aromatic and aliphatic thiols. The second method is about thia-Michael additions catalyzed by Fe(OTf)₂ in 2-Me-THF, which is in agreement with the green chemistry principles by using a green Fe(OTf)₂ and a green solvent 2-Me-THF at room temperature or 50 °C under air atmosphere. The last project is about asymmetric allylation reactions catalyzed by Fe(OTf)₂ using a chiral ligand. With the study of a variety of chiral ligands, we selected 5 mol% of Fe(OTf)₂ and 6 mol% of Pybox ligand which catalyzed the reaction in good yield (70%) and 32% of ee. The utilization of 20 mol% of TMSCl is essential for the effectiveness of the reaction
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 24 May 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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