Résolution itérative de problèmes de contact frottant de grande taille

Authors: Diop, Thierno
Advisor: Deteix, JeanFortin, Michel
Abstract: Solving friction contact problems is of great importance in many engineering applications. For these applications, the accuracy and the optimization of the calculation cost are imperative but often contradictory. Industrial problems generally involve complex and three-dimensional geometries composed of materials that exhibit non-linear behavior. Consequently, using the finite element method, they lead to large-scale non linear discrete problems and, after linearization, to algebraic systems of several thousand or even millions of unknowns and ultimately tocalculations needing iterative methods. This implies that the frequently used methods, the penalization and the augmented Lagrangian, are to be banned because of their negative effect on the condition number of the underlying discrete systems and thus on the convergence of theiterative methods. We will propose an efficient iterative approach to solve the contact problems associated with industrial applications: a resolution allowing to have accurate numerical results in an acceptable computation time.This approach will be based on the method of Lagrange multiplier and a method for solving the associated linear system that is not quite standard. The latter is part of an iterative, multi-level process that represents the main contribution of the thesis. We will present the adopted strategy, which is different from what is found in the literature, for the resolution of saddle-type problems and will make a complete study of it. To validate our approach, we will study academic numerical examples of classical contact problems. We will also present some large-scale industrial problems in order to illustrate the efficiency, accuracy and computation performance of the method developed in this thesis.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 24 May 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34968
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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