Relevés lumineux tridimensionnels en architecture

Authors: Rodrigue, Myriam
Advisor: Demers, Claude M. H.
Abstract: This master thesisproposesLiDARtridimensional laser scanning as a new daylighting enquiry and visualization method for real built environments for architects and designers. It constitutes a complement to actual lighting methods because it responds to the limitations of the illuminance measuring method, computer simulation and high dynamic rangeimagery concerning the survey and representation of lighting patterns. It presents a case study to determine the advantages and limitations of 3D laser scanning in a vast, geometrically complex and fragmented naturally and artificially lit cafeteria. Lighting patterns and the geometry of the space are captured with a 3D laser scanner through a series of four scans. The scans are aligned and fused to form a single 3D model of the entire space. The lighting distribution patterns are showcased in relation to the materiality, geometry and position of windows, walls, lighting fixtures and the lighting sources and presented through images similar to architectural presentation drawings. More precisely, the lighting distribution patterns are illustrated in a floor plan, a reflected ceiling plan, an axonometry and a cross-section. The method provides powerful visualization results and facilitates their understanding as an unlimited number of images can be generated from a point cloud.The precision of the method for surveying daylit environments surveyed through one and several scans is also verified by comparing lighting patterns between HDR and point cloud imageries. Moreover, it explores tridimensional laser scanning as a method for rendering new lighting ambiances in existing spaces.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 24 May 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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