Stratégie analytique pour la résolution de problématiques reliées à la présence de fondant dans une solution préparée par fusion

Authors: Gagnon, Maxime
Advisor: Larivière, Dominic
Abstract: Microwave induction plasma (MIP) is one of the most promising techniques because of its many advantages and its ease of use for determining metals, including those relevant to the mining industry. However, the introduction of solid samples requires complete or partial dissolution. Numerous comparative studies have been published concerning these dissolution modes for various analytes. For matrices and refractory elements, the alkaline fusion generally allows a fast and complete dissolution. Nevertheless, fusion solubilization has some limitations in connection with the measurement of metals. The main one being that once the sample melts in the acid, the salt load from the flux is very high in the resulting solution, which greatly affects the ionization performance of the plasma. Considering the emergence of MIP type instrumentation in traditional areas of fusion applications, the presence of easily ionizable species (EIS) in a lower temperature plasma can result in an important analytical bias. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to reduce the salt load of melt-dissolved samples prior to introduction into the analysis system to minimize labor costs and the time required for maintenance instrumentation while improving analytical performance. This will be done using analytical approaches based on chromatographic separation principles. Initially, the elution profiles of various elements of interest will be studied and analyzed by ICP-AES. Subsequently, the parameters of the methods developed will be optimized and validated using a certified reference material (CRM). Finally, several analytical parameters, including the detection limits (DL) and the quantification limits (QL) of the methods developed, will be determined by MIP-AES
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 23 May 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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