Amélioration des performances fromagères des concentrés laitiers d'osmose inverse : phase de coagulation par la présure

Authors: Dussault-Chouinard, Iris
Advisor: Britten, MichelPouliot, Yves
Abstract: Pre-concentration of cheese milk by reverse osmosis (RO) has several advantages, including obtaining a low-pollutant permeate reusable as process water and reducing costs as well as greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions related to milk transportation. However, high levels of lactose and salts content in RO concentrates impair their cheesemaking abilities. A correction of their physicochemical properties before coagulation is therefore needed. The objective of this work was to optimize the use of RO concentrates at different concentrations (5% to 11% protein content) for cheesemaking by renneting pH adjustment. Rennet-induced coagulation kinetics, salt partitioning and cheesemaking properties were compared to ultrafiltration (UF) concentrates. Results showed that concentration by RO induced an increase regarding the coagulation time and the maximal firming rate of the gel that reached a plateau at 9% protein content. Significant increases of micellar calcium as well as in yield, moisture and lactose content of cheese were also observed. Lowering the renneting pH was found to improve the cheesemaking properties of RO concentrates by promoting partial demineralisation of casein micelles, accelerating the coagulation kinetics and increasing curd drainage. The results obtained in this study demonstrated that physicochemical alterations increased with RO concentration and that acidification before renneting was an essential step. The data obtained makes it possible to target the concentration-pH combinations that improve the use of RO concentrates in cheesemaking in comparison to UF concentrates
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 17 May 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34906
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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