Caveolin : a possible biomarker of degradable metallic materials toxicity on vascular cells

Authors: Purnama, AgungMantovani, D.Couët, Jacques
Abstract: Iron-based materials could constitute an interesting option for cardiovascular biodegradable stent applications due to their appropriate ductility compared with their counterparts, magnesium alloys. However, the predicted degradation rate of pure iron is considered to be too slow for such applications. We explored manganese (35 wt.%) as an alloying element in combination with iron to circumvent this problem through powder metallurgical processing (Fe–35Mn). Manganese, on the other hand, is highly cytotoxic. We recently explored a new method to better characterize the safety of degradable metallic materials (DMMs) by establishing the gene expression profile (GEP) of cells (mouse 3T3 fibroblasts) exposed to Fe–35Mn degradation products in order to better understand their global response to a potentially cytotoxic DMM. We identified a number of up- and down-regulated genes and confirmed the regulation of a subset of them by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction. Caveolin-1 (cav1), the structural protein of caveolae, small, smooth plasma membrane invaginations present in various differentiated cell types, was one of the most down-regulated genes in our GEPs. In the present study we further studied the potential of this 22 kDa protein to become a biomarker for cytotoxicity after exposure to degradable metallic elements. In order to better characterize cav1 expression in this context 3T3 mouse fibroblasts were exposed to either ferrous and manganese ions at cytostatic concentrations for 24 or 48 h. cav1 gene expression was not influenced by exposure to ferrous ions. On the other hand, exposure to manganese for 24 h reduced cav1 gene expression by about 30% and by >65% after 48 h compared with control 3T3 cells. The cav1 cellular protein content was reduced to the same extent. The same pattern of expression of cav3 (the muscle-specific caveolin subtype) was also observed in this study. This strong and reproducible pattern of regulation of caveolins thus indicates potential as a biomarker for the toxicity of DMM elements.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 14 March 2013
Open Access Date: 14 May 2019
Document version: AM
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34855
This document was published in: Acta Biomaterialia, Vol. 9 (10), 8754-8760 (2013)
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2013.04.015
Elsevier
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.actbio.2013.04.015
23597857
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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