L'antériorisation de /ɔ/ en français contemporain : une étude acoustique comparative entre Québec et France

Authors: St-Gelais, Xavier
Advisor: Arnaud, Vincent
Abstract: This study is concerned with /ɔ/-fronting, a phenomenon widely studied in France, but that has received little attention in Quebec French. To better understand the regional variation of /ɔ/-fronting and to further investigate its relationship with the consonantal environment, a contrastive acoustic analysis of the first three formants of 3835 stressed vowels uttered in (C)VC monosyllabic word and pseudo-words by university students from Saguenay and Québec (Quebec) and Lyon (France) was conducted. Linear mixed effects regressions fitted to the data show substantial variation in F₂ across cities, /ɔ/ being more fronted in Québec than in Saguenay and in Lyon than in Saguenay. F₁ and F₃ also vary between France and Quebec French. In all cases, no matter their position (before or after the vowel), front consonants (ex. /t, d/) favor the highest F₂, while labial consonants (ex. /p, b/) are associated with the lowest F₂. These results suggest that /ɔ/-fronting, at the acoustical level, is alive and well among young Quebec French speakers and that it is variable both at the micro- and macro-geographical levels, while also being largely affected by coarticulation across all speakers.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 9 May 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34779
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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