Culture et santé infantile chez les Agotimés du Togo : place de la médecine traditionnelle dans le système de santé publique

Authors: Adedzi, Kodzo Awoenam
Advisor: Mekki-Berrada, Abdelwahed
Abstract: Integrating traditional medicine into an African public health system can contribute to improving children’s health in a variety of ways. To date, several studies in the field of health have already looked at traditional African medicine. But few have examined its place in public health systems in Africa and few have studied scientifically the possible relationship between its integration and children’s health. This thesis explores the universe of the health of children living in a rural environment in Togo to examine the problem of integrating Togolese traditional medicine into the country’s public health system. Really, I’m talking about examining the place of traditional childcare medicine in Togo’s public health system, without forgetting the expectations and preferences of the target population. I used ethnographic data from a fieldwork I conducted among Agotime in Togo. Three villages in these rural populations formed my investigative environment in which I conducted semistructured individual interviews with biological mothers, tutors, public health staff and traditional practitioners on the one hand and focus groups with biological mothers and tutors on the other hand. The participant observation supplemented these interviews. According to the results, traditional medicine and biomedicine are, in part, complementary to health care practices for children in Togo. On the one hand, however there are specific expectations and preferences, the answers to which are determined by collaboration between traditional practitioners and public health staff. On the other hand, there are differences in the appreciation of the place of traditional medicine in the public health system, although it must be recognized that traditional care practices such as maintenance, hygiene, nutrition, and therapeutic rituals directly or indirectly influence children’s health. To improve children’s health, there is a clear need for complementarity in action between traditional medicine practitioners and public health staff. Giving traditional medicine a place in the public health system can make a greater contribution to the well-being of children. In this way, the specific expectations and preferences of populations can be met through the development of a consensual care platform for infants and children.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 9 May 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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