L'histoire à l'école, matière à débats... : analyse des sources de controverses entourant les réformes de programmes d'histoire du Québec au secondaire (1961-2013)
|Advisor:||Anne, Abdoulaye; Cardin, Jean-François|
|Other Title(s):||Analyse des sources de controverses entourant les réformes de programmes d'histoire du Québec au secondaire (1961-2013)|
|Abstract:||Starting from the 2006 controversy about the History and Citizenship Education program at the senior high school level, this thesis focuses on the aims and issues associated with teaching the history of Quebec. More specifically, we examine the sources of the controversies surrounding the reforms of Quebec's high school history programs from the creation of the Parent Commission (1961) until the creation of the Beauchemin-Fahmy-Eid Committee (2013); by focusing on three main steps: consultation, program development, and feedback and/or evaluation. Our analysis is based on eighteen interviews with key stakeholders, public and private records, public consultation briefs, government documents and newspaper articles. To analyze this corpus, we applied a model to identify the main issues at the heart of the 2006 controversy, each at the center of a confrontation between two global or sectoral standards. This model, as well as analytical frameworks for observing the political game surrounding program development, falls within the field of cognitive and neo-institutionalist approaches to educational policy analysis. Lastly, our results suggest that while some of the controversies surrounding the reforms of Quebec's high school history programs are caused by a gap between the standards required by stakeholders in this field and the repositories that underlie official documents, some derive from more organizational, structural, professional and material problems, such as the compulsory nature of the program or the number of hours devoted to its teaching. This leads us ultimately to a reflection on the source of the changes of frames of reference in our society. Keywords: stakes and purposes of history teaching; political cycle of history programs; educational policy analysis; interest groups; public opinion; history of education|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||8 May 2019|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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