Investigation numérique de l'instabilité Raman dans les lasers à fibre optique dopée à l'ytterbium en régime continu de haute puissance

Authors: Huneault, Mathieu
Advisor: Piché, MichelOlivier, Michel
Abstract: Continuous high-power ytterbium-doped fiber lasers have an increasing market share formetal processing applications. Despite their widespread use, these lasers still suffer a ma-jor problem. At high power, stimulated Raman scattering shifts the power from the main emission wavelength around 1070 nm to the first Raman Stokes sideband around 1120 nm. This process is called Raman instability. The shifted power becomes useless and can even be dangerous for both the laser system and its users. Previous experimental and theoretical analyses have failed to provide clear explanations on the link between the Raman instability and the parameters of the ytterbium-doped optical fiber and the fiber Bragg gratings forming the laser cavity. The goal of this master’s degree project was to develop a simulation model for continuous high-power ytterbium-doped fiber lasers in order to identify and understand how the parameters of the laser cavity affect the Raman instability and to find cavity configurations that reduce it. This master’s thesis presents the two simulation models developed during this project. The first model considers unidirectionnal propagation of the laser signal while the second one considers bidirectionnal propagation. The latter is thus a more realistic model of such lasers.The typical simulated setup is made of a double-clad ytterbium-doped fiber with a large mode area, a high reflectivity Bragg grating and a low reflectivity Bragg grating that isused as output coupler. The simulations allowed to identify five cavity parameters having an impact on the Raman instability. A low average power, a short gain fiber, a counter-propagation pumping setup as well as a low reflectivity and a large reflective bandwidth for the fiber Bragg grating used as the output coupler help minimizing the Raman instability.The optimisation of these parameters creates a laser cavity with an extremely low power shift to the Raman Stokes sideband. The low Raman instability seems to be caused by a lower intra-cavity power, a shorter propagation distance and fast power modulations in thesignal. Incorporating a filter in the cavity, using a nonlinear reflector as output coupler or using a setup that includes a low-power master oscillator in combination with a high-power amplifier have also been simulated and show a reduction of the Raman instability.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 7 May 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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