Intramolecular cyclization of N-phenyl N’(2-chloroethyl)ureas leads to active N-phenyl-4,5-dihydrooxazol-2-amines alkylating b-tubulin Glu198 and prohibitin Asp40

Authors: Trzeciakiewicz, Anna; Fortin, SébastienMoreau, EmmanuelC. Gaudreault, RenéLacroix, Jacques M.; Chambon, Christophe; Communal, Yves; Chezal, Jean-Michel; Miot-Noirault, Elisabeth; Bouchon, Bernadette; Degoul, Françoise
Abstract: The cyclization of anticancer drugs into active intermediates has been reported mainly for DNA alkylating molecules including nitrosoureas. We previously defined the original cytotoxic mechanism of anticancerous N-phenyl-N'-(2-chloroethyl)ureas (CEUs) that involves their reactivity towards cellular proteins and not against DNA; two CEU subsets have been shown to alkylate β-tubulin and prohibitin leading to inhibition of cell proliferation by G₂/M or G₁/S cell cycle arrest. In this study, we demonstrated that cyclic derivatives of CEUs, N-phenyl-4,5-dihydrooxazol-2-amines (Oxas) are two- to threefold more active than CEUs and share the same cytotoxic properties in B16F0 melanoma cells. Moreover, the CEU original covalent binding by an ester linkage on β-tubulin Glu198 and prohibitin Asp40 was maintained with Oxas. Surprisingly, we observed that Oxas were spontaneously formed from CEUs in the cell culture medium and were also detected within the cells. Our results suggest that the intramolecular cyclization of CEUs leads to active Oxas that should then be considered as the key intermediates for protein alkylation. These results will be useful for the design of new prodrugs for cancer chemotherapy.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 March 2001
Open Access Date: 26 April 2019
Document version: AM
This document was published in: Biochemical pharmacology, Vol. 81 (9), 1116-1123 (2011)
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.bcp.2011.02.014
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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