L'autorégulation émotionnelle chez les enfants en contexte d'adversité : association avec le fonctionnement scolaire à la première année

Authors: Michaud Dumont, Frédérique
Advisor: Voisin, JulienTarabulsy, George M.
Abstract: The three objectives of this study were to describe the differences in emotional self-regulation skills among children in an adversity context group versus a group of children in a low-risk context, examine association between inhibitory control, capacity of emotions identification and prefrontal hemodynamic activation with school functioning and explore potential significant association between underlying skills of emotion regulation. A meeting in the summer before the school year was held and the children (n = 48) performed a face emotion identification task and a Stroop task during the use of Near-infrared spectroscopy. Following the beginning of the first school year, school functioning was evaluated with the Social Skills Improvement System by telephone interview with parents and teachers. The results show a comparable performance of the two groups of children in the psychophysical tasks presented, but a significant difference in the hemodynamic activation of the right Brodmann's area (BA8R) during the performance of Stroop's task. The activation of the Brodmann 9 right area (BA9R) during Stroop's task presents an association with the school functioning of the children. Finally, the results reveal the implication of BA8 and BA9 during performance in tasks requiring processing of emotional stimuli and inhibitory control. This study contributed to a better understanding of the impact of adversity on the development of emotional self-regulation skills, the role of these skills on school functioning and contribute to support empirical knowledge of emotional self-regulation. This knowledge aims to support the implementation of effective preventive measures for successful transition to school in the first year.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 26 April 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34579
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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