L'Archaïque maritime à Blanc-Sablon : analyse technologique et comparative de sites côtiers

Authors: Gagné-Dumont, Geneviève
Advisor: Woollett, James
Abstract: The Maritime Archaic tradition as an archaeological manifestation is found innorth-eastern North America roughly between 8 000 and 3 200 BP. In the wake of Tuck’s work on Port au Choix site, this tradition quickly left its mark in the minds of archaeologists by its unusual material culture. Driven by morphotypological arguments, research on the matter mainly discussed cultural continuity and possible in situdevelopment of the tradition. However, the typological approach is of little help in comprehending less standardised toolkits which comprise most assemblages from Blanc-Sablon. Il this study, already-excavated collections from Blanc-Sablon were re-evaluated with a technological analysis approach. Applied to complete lithic assemblages, this methodological approach is perfectly suited for interpreting past technical processes. Revisiting archaeological collections using the technological approach gives a voice to lithic debris that is otherwise meaningless in cultural interpretation. Technological analysis allows the archaeologist to unfold past societies’ technical systems.This research resulted in the identification of knapping techniques and methods on selected Blanc-Sablon archaeological sites. Direct percussion using soft hammers is the most often used knapping technique, but pressure and direct percussion using hard hammers were also observed. Knapping methods are relatively straight-foward with bifacial knapping composing a considerable portion of produced tools. Raw material acquisition strategies for local quartzites, quartz and cherts were also identified. Finally, the technological analysis of lithic tools and debris provided new data for comprehending cultural groups of the Maritime Archaic tradition.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 26 April 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34578
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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