Contexte tectonométamorphique du nord-ouest du Complexe de Laguiche, sous-province d'Opinaca, Eeyou Itschee Baie-James

Authors: Côté-Roberge, Myriam
Advisor: Guilmette, Carl; Harris, Lyal
Abstract: The Opinaca Subprovince, in the Superior craton, is an important Neoarchean metamorphosed sediments basin. Various models are proposed to explain the formation and evolution of the Opinaca, ranging from accretional prism to back-arc basin. The proposed tectonometamorphic study allows the determination of the prograde evolution of the basin and hence the selection of the most probable regional model, each being characterized by contrasting styles of metamorphic progression. In the north-western Opinaca Subprovince, isograds traced from index minerals highlight a progression from greenschist facies in the north-west to upper amphibolites facies in the south-east. The chemistry of metamorphic minerals shows a global homogenisation of growth zonation. In the northernmost Opinaca Subprovince, textural relations and phase equilibrium modelling indicate a clockwise PTt path with an isothermal decompression segment from 6 to 4 kbar at ~ 600 °C. In the southern part of the study region, the clockwise PTt path is characterized by stronger, suprasolidus isothermal decompression from 9 to 5 kbar at ~ 800 °C. We constrain deposition of the Opinaca greywacke from 2712 to 2690 Ma with the youngest detrital zircon population and crosscutting felsic intrusions. U-Pb monazite geochronology indicates two pulses of metamorphism, at ~2670 and ~ 2645 Ma. Lu-Hf dating of garnet supported by textural analysis and trace element mineral chemistry indicates that garnet growth is coeval with the younger population of monazite, circa 2645 Ma. The first generation of monazite around 2670 Ma is thus interpreted as a low-pressure metamorphic event that did not involve garnet growth. These results point towards a polymetamorphic evolution for the Opinaca Subprovince consistent with the tectonic inversion of a rift-like basin. Clastic sedimentation between 2712 to 2690 Ma in a magmatically active, rift-like basin was followed by regional low-P metamorphism at 2670 Ma. The onset of crustal shortening and thickening in the basin by 2645 Ma resulted in Barrovian-type metamorphism, and involved isothermal decompression that could have been accommodated by some degree of ductile extrusion.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 26 April 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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