Quelle est la place du soutien psychosocial dans le processus d'aide médicale à mourir au Québec?

Authors: Cantin, Audrey
Advisor: Éthier, Sophie
Abstract: The Act Respecting End-of-Life Care came into force in Quebec in December 2015. Since that day, a person may, in certain circumstances, apply for medical assistance in dying (MAID). As such, anyone requesting this service has to go through a multistep process. However, as explained in this Act, the main health professionals involved in this process are doctors and the place of social workers is very little discussed and often absent. Therefore, our study aims to answer the following question: What is the role of psychosocial support in the practice of medical aid in dying in Quebec (MAID)? Currently in Quebec, there isn’t any study to our knowledge that is focused on the needs in terms of psychosocial support of a person requesting medical aid in dying. A literature review allowed the study of 273 essays that were filled to the National Assembly of Quebec during the Consultation from the Select Committee on Dying with Dignity. The analytic questioning approach (Paille & Mucchielli, 2012) as allowed the analysis of 20 essays that were selected for our sample because they made recommendations regarding psychosocial support in the MAID. Nonetheless, several observations and recommendations to that effect were not considered during the development of this Act. Based on Kübler-Ross (1969) model known as the five stages of of grief, the results of this study demonstrate the importance of psychosocial support during the medical aid in dying along the continuum care at the end of life, until death. These conclusions highlight the importance of multidisciplinary work in the MAID process, in order to allow optimal support when it comes to the needs of those persons at the end of life, more specifically when assessing the restrictive conditions and decisionmaking. Moreover, the psychosocial support of families during the process is just as important, even after death. Finally, this study highlights the place of social workers in supporting patients and family going through medical aid in dying. -- Keywords: Medical aid in dying, psychosocial support, end-of-life care, five stages of grief of Kübler-Ross
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 24 April 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34545
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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