Migrations, cohabitations et visions du développement régional dans la Baie-des-Chaleurs : Étude des représentations sociales chez les jeunes adultes natifs, nouvellement arrivés ou de retour

Authors: Roy, Nicolas
Advisor: Morin, Dominique
Abstract: For several decades, the Eastern Quebec regions have been experiencing accelerated population aging and depopulation through youth migration to Quebec’s major metropolitan centers (Mathews 1996, Morin, 2013). However, since 2002, the MRC of Avignon and Bonaventure on the Gaspé Coast have experienced a reduction in their annual population deficit, culminating for the 2008-2012 period by migratory gains and population growth (ISQ, 2016). In the wake of work on the development of the regions of Quebec (Jean, 1997, Polèse, 2009, Proulx, 2011), this memoir takes an original look at new trends in the occupation of a "rural", "peripheral" and "resource" territory. This master thesis presents a study of social representations (Abric, 2001) of migration, integration and regional development among young natives of Avignon and Bonaventure who have remained in their home environment, among others who have returned from migration and newcomers from metropolitan areas. The results of the analysis suggests that the metropolitan experience (Simmel, 2013) and the sharing of the social memory (Halbwachs, 1970) of the place are decisive in the construction of representations. The representations that emerge from the migrants' discourse are those of an environment enriched by urbanity distinct from that of the cities, of an integration confronted with the mutual acquaintance of the host community and of a worried optimism of development, prompted by projects in the primary sector that deteriorate the idealized territory of their migration project. Their representations of life in the two MRC’s were compared to those of a native youth group for whom this space is judged to be declining and dependent on a natural resource economy. This study highlights the cohabitation of groups that now share the same space without necessarily meeting and sharing the same aspirations for its future. This phenomenon contributes to the increase of a social mix in the environment and to a "metropolisation" of this regional subassembly.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 24 April 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34543
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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