Scission oxydante de l'acide oléique sous ultrasons en présence du peroxyde d'hydrogène (H₂O₂)

Authors: Adolphe Mbou, Gloire Justesse
Advisor: Kaliaguine, S.Trong-on, Do
Abstract: Vegetable oils have long been identified as a natural resource with high potential to replace petroleum. Unsaturated fatty acids obtained from vegetable oils are an alternative for the production of biopolymers. The oxidative cleavage of oleic acid (C18: 1) leads to azelaic and pelargonic acids. These fatty acids have many industrial applications: in particular azelaic acid which is a precursor in the manufacture of the polymer (nylon-6: 9) used in the textile industry for the production of clothing. Currently, this reaction is carried out in the industry via ozonolysis. However, this reaction poses many problems, since ozone is a dangerous product with a high risk of explosion. The objective is to develop an efficient oxidative cleavage process, less expensive and less polluting than ozonolysis. Thus, to meet the principles of sustainable chemistry, we chose to work with ultrasound and an oxidizing system based on hydrogen peroxide, associated with nanocatalysts in the form of magnetizable nanoparticles to separate them by a magnetic field. This work deals with the development of a system allowing the production of monoacids and diacids under ultrasound in a batch reactor or a continuous feed reactor. The original aspect of this work is the vision by which the ultrasonic waves affect the speed of the oxidative cleavage reactions which goes from 5 h to 15 min with conversions higher than 98%. Using this process, time and energy are saved. Ultrasonic cavitation is rapid and generates fine biphasic system emulsions throughout the reactor volume that affect interphase material transfer. The latter is accelerated which allows high conversions of canola oil into mono and di-fatty acids (azelaic and pelargonic) with a residence time as low as 6 min in the case of a continuous reactor and 15 min in a batch reactor, without the use of an organic solvent. The technique of producing carboxylic acids under ultrasound is a promising new technology for the manufacture of biopolymers.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 24 April 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34539
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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