Influence des complexes protéiques sur la rétention de copies de gène après une duplication de génome

Authors: Lamothe, Claudine
Abstract: Gene duplications contribute greatly to the increase in organismal complexity by providing new material for natural selection to act upon. Of these duplication events, whole-genome duplication has a major impact due to the sheer amount of gene copies produced. Several events of whole-genome duplication have occurred throughout the evolutionary history of many lineages. The greater part of the duplicated genes created during these events will accumulate deleterious mutations, become inactivated and will disappear completely from the genome, but some will be maintained over time. Several factors have been linked to the retention of certain genes such as gene dosage or the level of expression. This project focuses on the impact of participation in a protein complex on the retention of copies created during several successive events of whole-genome duplication in the ciliate Paramecium tetraurelia. First, we predicted the composition of 885 protein complexes through orthologous relationships with five model species. Those protein complexes then allowed us to determine that genes participating in those complexes had higher and more correlated expression, both factors previously linked in the literature with a higher retention rate. We also observed a greater retention of even numbers of copies for genes participating in protein complexes, observation which might be connected to structural properties of protein complexes. At the same time, we noted an effect similar to protein complex participation in genes with orthologs in all our model species used and determined that this might partially be caused by an overlap between the genes participating in protein complexes and those being conserved in all the model species However, we also showed that the effect of widespread conservation was independent of that of complex participation. Together, those factors paint a complex picture of interconnected factors that can interact to influence the fate of copies through the course of evolution.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 18 April 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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