Immobilization of cytochrome P450 BM3 from Bacillus megaterium on magnetic nanoparticles to develop an effective biocatalyst for hydroxylation reactions
|Advisor:||Iliuta, Maria-Cornélia; Garnier, Alain; Larachi, Faïcal|
|Abstract:||Chemical catalysts are used in different synthetic processes from lab to industrial scales. High reaction yields usually achieved by this type of processes favor their application in many industries without considering the pollution they cause to the environment. Chemical synthesis processes usually require a high volume of organic solvents and produce tons of chemical wastes which are often toxic and not degradable. Replacing conventional catalysts by biocatalysts (enzymes) can benefit from their environmentally friendly nature and high selectivity toward the desired products. Although the advantages of biocatalysts over chemical catalysts have been proven, the application of enzymes in an industrial level is still not considerable. The enzyme low activity, stability, and high cost are the main concerns in developing large-scale enzymatic systems. Therefore, in the context of a greener environment, studies focusing on the development of more active, stable, and cost-effective enzymatic systems are in great demand. Among several enzymes that can catalyze essential synthesis reactions, cytochrome P450 BM3 from Bacillus megaterium is the subject of this thesis. This enzyme hydroxylates the saturated and unsaturated C–H bonds of medium to long chain fatty acids at room temperature and physiological pH. For this reaction, BM3 only needs molecular oxygen and two electrons usually obtained from its natural cofactor, NADPH. However, to engage this enzyme in hydroxylation reactions, some important obstacles should be overcome: (i) the costly cofactor (NADPH) should be replaced by a cheaper source of electrons or regenerated, (ii) the enzyme stability should be improved, and (iii) the enzyme should be easily recovered from the reaction medium to be reused. In this context, this study proposes for the first time the immobilization of an optimized BM3 mutant on functionalized iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). This enzymatic system benefits from (i) the enzyme preference towards cofactors like the reasonably priced NADH and the very cheap BNAH, (ii) facile recovery and reuse of the biocatalyst (enzyme-MNPs), and (iii) the enzyme significant storage stability.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||18 April 2019|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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