Les parcours de jeunes francophones qui choisissent d'étudier dans un cégep anglophone : une étude rétrospective

Authors: Vieux-Fort, Karine
Advisor: Pilote, AnnieMagnan-Mac Kay, Marie-Odile
Abstract: The present dissertation focuses on the educational, professional and personal pathways of young francophones who chose to attend English-language CEGEP in the Province of Quebec. The dissertation is taking place in a social context where French and English languages have different demographic, economic, political, and cultural weight and where the liberty of choice in regard to higher education schooling language operates. We are particularly interested in understanding the reasons behind the pursuit of English Collegial Studies; the experiences of English Collegial Studies; and, the impacts on the educational, professional and personal pathways of young Quebec francophones. We are acting in accordance with a constructivist approach of the Sociology of Education by adopting two theoretical frameworks which allow us to report on the interpretative capacity of the actor and of the role of social structures. In this regard, we are mobilizing the sociology of social experience (Dubet, 1994b, 2017) to understand the experiences behind the choice of attending an English-language CEGEP, as well as the experiences of English Collegial Studies; and, the processual approach (Bidart et al., 2013; Mendez, 2010) to understand the socialization processes to English in the educational, professional and personal pathways. To report on these pathways, 37 narrative type interviews were conducted with francophones who accomplished English Collegial Studies whom, at the time of the interviews, had joined the labour market. It is, therefore, through a retrospective lens we look upon their pathways and set out to understand the meaning the actors attribute to the rationale behind their action. Firstly, the findings of the thesis relate a typology of choice experiences of the English-language CEGEP. Three types of choice experiences emerged from our data: the strategic choice, the personal fulfillment choice and the default choice. These results demonstrate that the English-language CEGEP is essentially chosen for strategic reasons linked to the labour market and for personal fulfillment reasons. Selection of an English-language CEGEP based on reasons other than linguistics are peripherally found within our corpus. Secondly, our findings refer to a typology of English Collegial Studies experiences. Five types of English Collegial Studies experiences emanate from the data: the facilitating integration experience; the selective integration experience; the strategic integration experience; the stress driven integration experience; and, the rupture experience. These types divulge that the English Collegial Studies experience is articulated by social action dialectics and accession differentiates in regards to scholastic and social life. Our findings highlight a diversity in experiences associated to this axis. Lastly, a typology of socialization processes to English show a crossroad in the linguistic practices of the academic, professional and personal spheres. Our findings establish seven emerging types from our facts: anglicization; continuation within English spheres; navigation between French and English; a return to francophone spheres; retention of English skills in personal sphere; separation from English; and, transition to Spanish. Despite the diversity in these pathways, it turns out that the majority of francophone who pursued studies at English-language CEGEP live using both English and French languages in their educational, professional and personal spheres. Moreover, we demonstrate that the French linguistic identity is independently maintained despite English Collegial Studies and whether or not English is present in any aspect of their lives. Civic identity is also well-preserved even thought a minority of participants were opened to a Canadian identity. The thesis concludes by offering a look back to the guidelines that structured and acted as cicerone of our work. A discussion of our findings in regards to previous research is also presented. In conclusion, we expand on the social impact of the present thesis and offer suggestions for further research. Our work contributes to the advancement of scientific knowledge in the field of student pathways research in regards to higher education with an analysis prism based on language of studies. Socially, this thesis adds understanding to the sociopolitical debate surrounding the access to English-language CEGEP; to the interactions between English and French languages of young Quebec francophones; to the English educational collegiate institutions; and, for practitioners in the field of education and career guidance.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 17 April 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34475
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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