Étude de l'effet d'une matrice à base de collagène sur la différenciation des cellules souches de la pulpe dentaire en odontoblastes

Authors: Boisvert, Maryse
Advisor: Rouabhia, MahmoudSantos, Juliana Nascimento
Abstract: Root canal therapy results in loss of tooth sensitivity and vitality. The tooth cannot respond to subsequent infections and become brittle. When permanent teeth become necrotic at early patient age, the treatment options are limited and the long-term survival of these teeth is questionable due to the thin, incompletely formed dentin walls and the minimal crown-root ratio. The regenerative endodontic procedures offer a new treatment option to promote healing as well as replace the pulp-dentin complex with a possible recovery of the pulp vitality. The objective of this study was to investigate if a biological porous collagen scaffold promotes differentiation of human dental pulpal stem cells (DPSC) into odontoblast-like cells. DPSCs were cultured in standard or differentiation medium either in monolayer or in contact with a collagen scaffold. The adhesion of DPSCs was observed at 6 and 24 h. The cell proliferation was studied by using 3-(4,5- dimethylthiazolyl-2)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, at 3 and 5 days. Cellular morphology was visualized by optic microscopy at 3 and 7 days. Tissue mineralization and alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP) were appreciated after 2, 3 and 4 weeks. Dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and osteocalcin (OC) were examined by Western blot. The results showed that DPSCs adhere and proliferate in contact with the collagen scaffold. Production of calcified tissue and ALP were observed when DPSCs were cultured on the collagen scaffold. Protein analysis demonstrated production of DSPP and OC, which confirms the presence of odontoblast-like cells when in contact with the collagen scaffold. Overall, our study demonstrated the potential use of the porous collagen scaffold to promote DPSC differentiation in odontoblast-like cells in root canal system in vivo.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 15 April 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34442
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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