Évaluation biologique de métaux biodégradables pour une application de stent urétéral
|Advisor:||Hermawan, Hendra; Bolduc, Stéphane|
|Abstract:||The use of ureteral stents to relieve urinary tract obstruction is still challenged by the problem of infection, encrustation and compression leading to the need for removal procedure. A new type of biodegradable ureteral stents made of polymeric materials has been proposed to overcome the problems. Recent works proposed magnesium-based biodegradable metals as new materials offering both biodegradation and strength. This work proposes zinc-based alloys by firstly evaluating their cytocompatibility toward normal human urothelial cells using 2D and 3D assays. Cells were exposed by different concentration of metals extracts, 15 mg/ml of ZM21, 10 mg/ml of Zn-1Mg and 8.75 mg/ml of Zn-0.5Al. Induction of cell death was observed after 24 h, resulting in reduced cell viability at different percentages for each metal. The cytoskeleton of cells was also affected as observed by immunofluorescence of cytokeratins however, the recovery process of cells was noted at day 3. Direct cell toxicity was evaluated on a non-tubular 3D ureteral tissue construct. The results showed that urothelial cells could form a multilayered urothelium as in a native tissue, with the presence of tight junction ZO-1 in superficial layer and laminin in the basal layer indicating that the tissue is healthy in the presence of the metal disks even after 7 days of treatment. SEM observation showed basal cells were found attached to the metal surface and seen as in a natural spreading state, showing pseudopodia and fusiform morphology indicating that the metal specimens are non-toxic.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||11 April 2019|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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