Papa 2.0 : les pères québécois et les congés parentaux

Authors: Harvey, Valérie
Advisor: Duhaime, GérardTremblay, Diane-Gabrielle
Abstract: Since 2006, the Quebec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP) has given Quebec fathers the opportunity to take three to five weeks of paternity leave during the first year after the birth of a child. They can also use the parental weeks (25 to 32 weeks depending on the chosen plan). An exploratory qualitative research about 30 fathers working in information technology (IT) revealed that fathers do not feel entitled to the parental weeks, de facto attributed to the mother. Depending on the room left to him during the leave, the father may feel useless at home or experience a truly complementary partnership. During that time, several fathers said they felt isolated and insecure, especially if the leave was extended beyond the five weeks of the paternity leave. Quebec fathers tend to remain involved in caring for children, even after returning to work, but the inequalities regarding domestic tasks remain. Within the enterprise, taking a paternity leave of three to five weeks is well accepted, but the timing of the leave can be problematic depending on the companies’ schedule. The five weeks seem to have become a new standard in Quebec and are managed as annual vacations, meaning that the employee is rarely replaced. This encourages the father to remain connected and to make compromises regarding the dates of his absence. Fathers who choose to remain at home beyond the paternity leave must make even more compromises with their employer. They are often the first to ask to leave for such a long period and can become an inspiration for other employees. When they return to work, it can be difficult for them to follow the same rhythm as before and to be present at the same hours as the others, especially when it comes to overtime. Fathers tend to be absent more often as parental responsibilities require them to leave earlier, and some have testified that they have lost a promotion or felt they had been downgraded. Some left their jobs to better articulate the work with their family situation. In Quebec today, the father is not interchangeable with the mother. He’s still seeking his place, between the impression of being useless and that of being an essential partner. But the figure of Dad 2.0 has become an essential part of Quebec’s 21st century families.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 11 April 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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