Platelet microparticles reprogram macrophage gene expression and function

Authors: Laffont, BenoitCorduan, AurélieRousseau, MatthieuDuchez, Anne-ClaireLee, Chan Ho C.Boilard, Éric
Abstract: Platelet microparticles (MPs) represent the most abundant MPs subtype in the circulation, and can mediate intercellular communication through delivery of bioactives molecules, such as cytokines, proteins, lipids and RNAs. Here, we show that platelet MPs can be internalised by primary human macrophages and deliver functional miR-126–3p. The increase in macrophage miR-126–3p levels was not prevented by actinomycin D, suggesting that it was not due to de novo gene transcription. Platelet MPs dose-dependently downregulated expression of four predicted mRNA targets of miR-126–3p, two of which were confirmed also at the protein level. The mRNA downregulatory effects of platelet MPs were abrogated by expression of a neutralising miR-126–3p sponge, implying the involvement of miR-126–3p. Transcriptome-wide, microarray analyses revealed that as many as 66 microRNAs and 653 additional RNAs were significantly and differentially expressed in macrophages upon exposure to platelet MPs. More specifically, platelet MPs induced an upregulation of 34 microRNAs and a concomitant downregulation of 367 RNAs, including mRNAs encoding for cytokines/chemokines CCL4, CSF1 and TNF. These changes were associated with reduced CCL4, CSF1 and TNF cytokine/chemokine release by macrophages, and accompanied by a marked increase in their phagocytic capacity. These findings demonstrate that platelet MPs can modify the transcriptome of macrophages, and reprogram their function towards a phagocytic phenotype
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 22 November 2017
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Vol. 115 (2), 311–323 (2016)
Stuttgart Thieme
Alternative version: 10.1160/TH15-05-0389
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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