Développement d'un système de micro-extraction liquide non-dispersif pour l'étude ainsi que l'évaluation des performances et des conditions d'extraction de ligands pour les éléments de terre rare (ETR)

Authors: Cantin, Gabrielle
Advisor: Larivière, Dominic
Abstract: This work presents the development of a performance analysis tool for the extraction of rare earth elements (REE) in solution using extractants. The tool is based on the non-dispersive liquid extraction technique using hollow and porous fibres. The objective of this tool is also to screen the extractants with good potential for grafting them to a mesoporous silica support, which showed selectivity and promising extraction results. On the other hand, the synthesis and the grafting steps are sometimes difficult on the mesoporous support. For these reasons, a micro system was built from a commercial fiber module, while a second system was designed in house, in order to use as less extractant as possible in each test. The latter system is made of chemically robust materials including Teflon®, polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and Viton®, allowing an unrestricted choice of solvent. An extractant known from the literature, N, N, N ', N-tetraoctyl diglycolamine (TODGA) was used to set the reference parameters, both in the commercial and hand made extraction module. From the pattern of extraction of this reference extractant, it was possible to compare the extraction efficiency of new ligands in solution such as tetrahexyl diglycolamine (THDGA), tetraoctyl dioaxoctanediamide (TODOODA) and 2,5- furandiglycolamide (TOFDGA). Studies have shown that the structure of the extractant has a significant impact on the extraction, specifically the bite angle between the metal and the ligand. Indeed, the greater the bite angle of the ligand, the more a stable complex it will form with a metal whose ionic radius is large. Thus, selectivity was observed for the TOFDGA towards the light ETRs. On the other hand, TODOODA center is more mobile than previous extractants resulting of a smaller contact angle and an higher affinity for heavy, low-ionic REEs.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 28 March 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34175
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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