Étude par traçage neuronal unitaire de la voie corticosubthalamique hyperdirecte chez le singe

Authors: Coudé, Dymka
Advisor: Parent, Martin
Abstract: This thesis deals with the anatomical and functional organization of the corticosubthalamic pathway in macaque monkey. This neuronal projection, which is also known as the hyperdirect pathway, was investigated with the help of a single-cell labeling method. An anterograde tracer, biotin dextran amine, was microiontophoretically delivered in layer V of the primary motor cortex in four cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), allowing us to trace in detail the axonal arborization of 28 corticofugal axons forming the hyperdirect pathway. The main results of this study indicate that the corticosubthalamic pathway is essentially ipsilateral and that the population of neurons at the origin of this projection is distinct from those giving rise to the corticostriatal projection. After leaving the cortex, the large caliber axons (up to 3.7 μm in diameter) that form the hyperdirect pathway travel along the internal capsule, heading toward the brainstem. At the subthalamic nucleus level, these axons emit some small-diameter collaterals that innervate the zona incerta, the red nucleus, the superior pontine nuclei, the thalamic reticular nucleus, and the subthalamic nucleus. In the latter structure, thin collaterals of the corticosubthalamic projection arborize principally within its sensorimotor territory. The results of the present single-axons tracing study reveal, for the very first time in primates, that the so called “hyperdirect” pathway is largely “indirect” since it is mainly composed of collaterals of main axons that travel downward to the brainstem. Moreover, this projection does not seem exclusive to the subthalamic nucleus since it targets several other cerebral motor nuclei.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 28 March 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/34172
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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