Comprendre, enseigner et évaluer l'appréciation musicale au secondaire

Authors: Pierre-Vaillancourt, Zara
Advisor: Peters, ValerieVaillancourt, Josée
Abstract: Music appreciation is an essential competency that needs to be developed of music education. Few researchers have investigated this topic in the province of Quebec. The purpose of t his thesis is to better understand the concept of music appreciation and how it is taught in secondary music classrooms. The first objective of this research is to define the concept of music appreciation based on the music education literature and the tea chers’ and students’ conceptions. The second objective is to document and analyse the teachers’ practical knowledge and the students’ perceptions of this knowledge. An inductive approach was adopted in order to conduct this research in the field, in collab oration with music teachers and students from the province of Quebec. The goal of this study that employed a collaborative approach (Desgagné, 2007) was to help teachers and students to reflect on their practices concerning music appreciation. The combined analysis of qualitative data (observations, individual interviews with the teachers and group interviews with students) and quantitative data (questionnaires) revealed that teachers and students share similar conceptions regarding music appreciation. In school, music appreciation is conceived as a formal listening process (Dunn, 2014) by the participants, which may be associated with a paraxial philosophy (Elliott, 1997; Regelski, 2006) , while music appreciation that takes place outside of an educational context resembles intuitive listening practices, which could be associated with an aesthetic philosophy (Dunn, 1997, 2006, 2008; Peterson, 2006; Reimer, 2003; Zerull, 2006). The teachers who took part in the study often adopted pedagogical practices based on the teaching paradigm (Durand et Chouinard, 2012) . For the most part, they created their own teaching materials and the musical selections w ere chosen from diverse styles and periods. Evaluating the music appreciation competency (MELS, 2007) was important for the teachers, although it remains a challenge for some of them. As for the students, they found their teachers’ music appreciation activ ities interesting, and they identified factors that have the potential to facilitate the teaching and learning of music appreciation in addition to fostering their motivation. Guidelines for teaching and learning music appreciation are proposed.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 28 March 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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