Programme d'interventions infirmières pour la transition et le suivi post-hospitalisation des personnes âgées insuffisantes cardiaques

Authors: Hardy, Marie-Soleil
Advisor: Dallaire, Clémence
Abstract: Heart failure is one of the most common reason for hospitalization in patients aged 65 years and older. This chronic condition affects these elderly, has recurrent and progressive deterioration pattern that compromise quality of life and impose significant impacts on our health care system. Effective transitional care programs may improve clinical outcomes and reduce hospital readmissions. However, it remains difficult to describe theses complex nursing interventions to achieve these results. Very little research has examined the ways through which these programs achieve their particular effects. In a context of limited resources, documenting these interventions and mechanisms seems to be necessary to insure their application and adequacy in the clinical practice. Effective and appropriate nursing interventions reduce complications, increased the length of time between hospital discharge and readmission and reduce total number of hospitalizations. They contribute to improve the quality of life for these people while contributing to decrease the costs. Based on Roy’s adaptation model (Roy, 2009) and nursing functions model by Dallaire et Dallaire (2008), the purpose of this study was to develop, implement and evaluate a nurse transitional care program for older with chronic heart failure at the discharge of hospital. To achieve this goal, a mixed method was privileged. The systematic process proposed by Sidani et Braden (2011) was used to conceptualize and evaluate the nursing interventions program. Theories and empiric literature were used. Also, nine nurses, five health care professionals and seven older people with chronic heart failure and six caregivers participated in semi-structured interviews. An analytic method was used to conceptualize the nursing interventions program. This program was tested. Ten elderly were recruited and randomized in two groups: control and intervention. Five people tested and evaluated the nursing interventions program. The program consists of one session at hospital, before departure and five sessions at home with phones calls between homes visits. Each session includes nursing interventions to promote physiologic, psychic and spiritual, social and relational adaptation. The study results showed the feasibility and the acceptability of the nursing interventions program. The intervention group had significantly improved self-care of their chronic illness and decrease feeling of uncertainty after 30 days. Also, there was a trend toward better readiness for hospital discharge, lower post discharge coping difficulties and better quality of life in the intervention group. No significant difference was found in hospital readmission and emergency consultation. Nursing interventions program show that intervention group received more interventions that may have prevented the use of health services. This study shows that nursing interventions promote holistic adaptation of older people with chronic heart failure at discharge from hospital. Nursing interventions that respond directly to the needs and difficulties of this clientele contribute to better disease management and quality of life.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 15 March 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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