Shear Contribution of Basalt Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Reinforced with Basalt Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Bars

Authors: Hamed, Sarah
Advisor: El Refai, Ahmed
Abstract: This study evaluates both experimentally and analytically the shear behavior of basalt fiber-reinforced concrete (BFRC) beams reinforced longitudinally with basalt fiber-reinforced polymer (BFRP) bars. A new type of basalt macro-fibers was added to the concrete mix to produce the BFRC mix. Fourteen beams (152 x 254 x 2000 mm) with no transverse reinforcement provided were tested under four-point loading configuration until failure occurred. The beams were grouped in two groups A and B depending on their span-to-depth ratios, a/d. Beams of group A had a ratio a/d of 3.3 while those of group B had a ratio a/d of 2.5. Besides the span-to-depth ratios, the parameters investigated included the volume fraction of the fibers added (0.75 and 1.5%) and the longitudinal reinforcement ratio of the BFRP reinforcing bars (0.31, 0.48, 0.69, 1.05, and 1.52). The test results showed that the addition of basalt macro-fibers to the concrete mix enhanced its compressive strength. A direct relationship between the fiber volume fraction, Vf, and the compressive strength was observed. Concrete cylinders cast with Vf of 0.75 and 1.5% yielded 11 and 30% increase in their compressive strengths over those cast with plain concrete, respectively. The addition of fibers greatly enhanced the shear capacity of BFRC-BFRP beams compared to their control beams cast with plain concrete. The increase of the fiber volume fraction decreased the spacing between cracks and hindered its propagation. A significant enhancement in the shear capacities of the tested beams was also observed when the basalt macro-fibers were added at a volume fraction Vf of 0.75%. The average increase in the shear capacities of beams of group A and B, having the same reinforcement ratios, were 45 and 44%, respectively, in comparison with those of the control beams. It was noticed that the gain in shear capacities of the tested beams was more pronounced in beams with a/d = 3.3 than in beams with a/d = 2.5 when the reinforcement ratio increased. In the analytical phase, several models were used to predict the shear capacities of the beams. All of the available models overestimated the shear capacities of the tested beams with average ratio Vpre/Vexp ranging between 1.29 to 2.64. This finding indicated that these models were not suitable to predict the shear capacities of the BFRC-BFRP beams. A new modified model incorporating the type of the longitudinal reinforcement, the type of FRC used, and the density of concrete is proposed. The model of Ashour et al. –A (1992) was calibrated using a calibration factor equal to the ratio of modulus of FRP bars used, Ef, and that of steel bars, Es. This ratio takes into consideration the difference in properties between the FRP and steel bars, which was overlooked by previous models. The proposed model predicted well the shear capacities of the BFRC-BFRP beams tested in the current study with average ratios Vpre/Vexp = 0.82 ± 0.12 and 0.80 ± 0.01 for beams of groups A and B, respectively. The shear capacities of the lightweight concrete beams tested by Abbadi (2018) were predicted with an average ratio Vpre/Vexp = 0.77 ± 0.05. Moreover, the model predicted well the shear capacities of the SFRC beams reinforced with BFRP bars tested by Awadallah et al. (2014) with an average ratio Vpre/Vexp = 0.89 ± 0.07. This indicates the wide range of applicability of the proposed model. However, it is recommended that the proposed model be assessed on larger set of data than that presented in this study
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 13 March 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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