Développement par génie tissulaire d'un modèle de peau humaine innervée, vascularisée et immunocompétente pour l'étude des réactions inflammatoires cutanées

Authors: Muller, Quentin
Advisor: Berthod, François; Flacher, Vincent
Abstract: Immune reactions in the skin are initiated by the cutaneous dendritic cells (DCs). The potential sensitizing effect of a compound can be predicted in vitro using human monocytes differentiated into DCs (Mono-DCs). However, these simplistic models remain inaccurate because the activation of cutaneous DCs by sensitizers may be triggered or modulated by microenvironmental interactions with multiple types of nonimmune cells. Our goal is to develop an immunocompetent human tissue-engineered skin that will combine DCs with all structural and functional element of the skin, i.e. an epidermal barrier laid upon a dermis containing a pseudo-vascularization and nociceptive neurons. Collagen matrix was seeded with fibroblasts and endothelial cells, then with precursors of nerve fibers derived from either human iPSC or murine embryonic DRG. Finally, we introduced Mono-DCs and keratinocytes. We observed that in situ differentiated neurons grow axons towards the epidermis as usually observed in normal human skin. What's more, the neurons derive from iPSC, express neuropeptides and calcium channel as normal nociceptive fibers. Moreover, Mono-DCs settled as expected beneath the epidermis and remained sessile to stimulation for several weeks. The model will be used to predict the irritant potential of chemical compounds, and the impact of nerves on DC activation.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 9 March 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/33983
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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