Relation entre le niveau de développement morphosyntaxique d'enfants négligés âgés de 4 ans et la qualité des interactions dans le groupe en services de garde éducatifs

Authors: Julien, Catherine
Advisor: Sylvestre, AudetteBouchard, Caroline
Abstract: CONTEXT. Neglect is the most common form of maltreatment in children under 6 years of age. Given the lack of warm, well-adjusted parent-child interactions that characterizes it, this context of adversity greatly compromises their development, particularly language. Their language difficulties, found in research in an English-speaking context, are manifested mainly in the morphosyntactic component of language. However, the morpshosyntactic development of French-speaking neglected children remains unknown, hence the interest of conducting work in this language. In addition to deepening our understanding of the challenges of developing the morphosyntactic component, it is essential to focus on the educational contexts in which neglected children evolve and that are likely to have a positive influence on their language skills, particularly early childhood educations (ECE) settings. More specifically, the quality of the interactions in the group is the component of ECE that is most strongly associated with language. AIMS. The thesis aims to 1- describe the level of morphosyntactic development of neglected children aged 4 years and compare it to that of non-neglected peers; 2- to quantify the prevalence of morphosyntactic difficulties (MD) in neglected children, approximated by the mean length of utterances in morphemes (MLUm); and 3- to study the relationship between the quality of interactions in the group in ECE settings and the presence of MD in these children. METHODS. A sample of 136 children, including 44 neglected children, was recruted. A spontaneous language sample was collected using semi-structured standardized play to measure the participants' level of morphosyntactic development. The analysis was performed using the Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts software. A sub-sample of 18 neglected children who attended an ECE setting was then created. The quality of interactions was estimated by the Classroom Assessment Scoring System Pre-K. RESULTS. Neglected children have a level of development of MLUm up to seven times lower than their non-neglected peers. Their MDs also translate into less frequent verbal inflections and more frequent word omissions. The results suggest trends between four dimensions of the quality of interactions in the group and the MLUm of neglected children with MDs, two positive and two negative. CONCLUSION. The results confirm for the first time the great MDs of French-speaking neglected children. The innovative aspect of the thesis is also reflected in the demonstration of a relationship between the quality of interactions in the ECE setting and the morphosyntactic skills of neglected children with MDs. The findings from this study illustrate, particularly through the high prevalence of MD, the high need for individual services in speech-language therapy for neglected children. The results also argue for support to maintain and improve the level of quality of interactions in the ECEs attended by neglected children.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 7 March 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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