Effets de l'âge et de caractéristiques individuelles sur la compression temporelle

Authors: Bernier, Marjorie
Advisor: Grondin, Simon
Abstract: The impression that time passes faster than what is really the case is called temporal compression. A popular belief is that temporal compression increases with age. The first objective of this thesis is to verify if that belief is justified. In this regard, 1212 participants, aged 15 to 97, were recruited to answer the questionnaires measuring temporal compression, time pressure, biographical memory and anxiety level. A non-parametric regression analysis allowed the study of the functional form linking these variables. The results indicate that temporal compression increases linearly with age. Participants with good memory, with high levels of anxiety, or with high temporal pressure experience less temporal compression. The second objective of this thesis aims to predict the impression of temporal compression experienced by a group of adolescents according to various individual characteristics. To do this, 237 adolescents, aged 15 to 17, were recruited. Individual characteristics used were time pressure, anxiety level, memory, sex, impulsivity level an scores on the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI). Step-by-step regression method identified the best predictors. The variables with the best predictive power are the level of anxiety and the future and present-hedonistic perspectives of the ZTPI. This study provides a new perspective on the evolution of temporal compression through ages and on the determinants of this temporal compression.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 1 March 2019
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/33850
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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