Lit de feu et la dépression post-partum chez les femmes lao

Authors: Vézina, Maude
Advisor: Reinharz, Daniel
Abstract: Problematic: What is the association between the traditional hot bed practice and postpartum depression among Lao women? Considering that the impact of postpartum depression can affect the woman, the newborn and the family, this study aims to contribute to the knowledge of this condition. To do so, the study explores the therapeutic role of a traditional ritual, still practiced by more than the majority of women in Lao PDR. Methodology: This cross-sectional study aims to explore the relationship between postpartum depression and the hot bed practice. 105 women were interviewed at Mahosot Central Hospital in Vientiane (Lao PDR) using two questionnaires. Results: 13.33% of women had significant depressive symptoms and 90.48% of women practiced the hot bed. The analyzes suggest that social support, unwanted pregnancy and the history of depression during pregnancy have a significant association with postnatal depression. The multivariate model, which interacts with these three variables, explains 22.5% of the variance of the dependent variable (p-value of 0.0003). Due to a lack of variability in the data obtained, it is impossible to study the association between the two main variables (hot bed practice and postnatal depression). Conclusion: Although the results obtained indicate that the social support mobilized by the hot bed contributes positively to the psychological health of new mothers, it is impossible to confirm the protective effect of the practice on postnatal depression. To answer such a hypothesis, further studies exploring the components of the practice should be encouraged. Keywords: postpartum depression; traditional practices; hot bed; Lao PDR; culture; social support; mental Health
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 15 February 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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