Development of a new design method for the cross-section capacity of steel slender I-sections

Authors: Arsenault, Caroline
Advisor: Boissonnade, NicolasFafard, Mario
Abstract: This dissertation presents research developments related to the design of very slender open steel sections through the Overall Interaction Concept (O.I.C.). The cross-sectional behaviour is defined by two extreme, ideal behaviours: pure resistance and pure instability. Methods used in the current standards need to classify the section, and, in the case of bridge sections, to calculate effective properties. This method presents some inconsistencies, as well as accuracy issues. A new design approach considering the whole section – and by that interaction between plates – was developed. By including the geometrical and material imperfections, more accuracy can be reached, and using numerical tools can increase the efficiency as well. The Overall Interaction Concept allows to calculate fast the resistance of a cross-section by using a generalized relative slenderness, so-called interaction curves. The main aim of this master is to adapt the O.I.C. to very slender open I-sections subjected to simple load cases (major-axis bending moment and pure compression). A numerical model has been developed by carry out mesh density study, and imperfections studies. This part had to be carefully detailed and assessed since no experimental data can be available to calibrate the numerical models. Once a reliable model was settled, a numerical campaign of more than 3500 simulations has been undertaken, allowing to analyse the effects of many key parameters. Based on these numerical simulations, design proposals were made as based on the identified governing parameters, i.e. the residual stresses pattern, load case and geometrical properties by means of newly-proposed parameter μ. An extension of the Ayrton-Perry formulation is finally used to define crosssection interaction curves. Besides, systematic comparison with Canadian, American and European Standards are done with the results from numerical simulations allowing to observe the improvement capacity of the current methods, in terms of accuracy and simplicity.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2018
Open Access Date: 12 February 2019
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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